University Of Manchester
University of Manchester Dalton Cumbrian Facility has ion accelerators with beam lines and a Cobalt-60 gamma irradiator. Cormet has built high temperature high pressure testing cells for both the irradiation sources.
The ion beam line will be used for the radiology and corrosion studies. A thin metal film window separates a proton beam and a testing cell with 350°C temperature and 20 MPa pressure water. A recirculation loop maintains the testing cell pressure and the water chemistry and transports the radiolysis products to gas separation devices and further to ion spectrometer.
There are two kind of testing cells. The proton beam testing cell has a window, water inlet and outlet lines and a heating device. Because the metallic window of the electrochemical proton beam testing cell is electrically isolated, it can be electrochemically polarized using the reference and counter electrodes located in the very same testing cell. This setup is used to study the effect of various surface films on the radiolysis products.
The Cobalt-60 gamma irradiator lets researchers understand the mechanistic effects of gamma radiation on exposed materials. It is self/shielded with massive lead walls. Cormet has built two autoclaves to be positioned in the chamber: a regular autoclave for weight loss and radiolysis tests and an autoclave with electrochemical tools. The recirculation loop is taking care of the autoclave pressurization, partial heating, water chemistry and the gathering of the radiolysis products.
Autoclaves & Test cells
An autoclave is basically a test cell for high-pressure and often high-temperature environments. Autoclaves can be used as static independent autoclaves and as dynamic autoclaves when connected to recirculation loops.
Recirculation loops are used in laboratories to simulate a real-life operating environment for example in power plants, pipelines, steam turbines, deep sea applications, etc.
Cormet manufactures various kinds of tools for high-pressure high-temperature water-chemistry monitoring and electrochemical testing.